History of Science
History of Science
Science is an organized systematic venture that constructs and implements knowledge in the form of predictions and testable explanations about the universe. A scientific theory is a well-established, well-supported explanation of some phenomena, testable within a definite range of time, space, and conditions, for which there is an apparent physical cause. Theists and atheists try to establish through natural experiments and observational methods that God exists, while biologists try to prove that all living things are composed of cells. Astronomy and physics provide us with the means to test these theories. When an argument is put forth in support of either side, it should be based on facts gathered through observation, study, experimentation, and analysis.
Scientific methods of investigation vary widely in their definition and scope, but they all generally follow one basic principle. This principle is called the law of science: “Theories, experiments, observations, or testings that do not lead to falsification do not constitute scientific facts”. Explanations that can be ruled out by scientific methods can be used as valid explanations for events and phenomena. It’s also important to note that there can be more than one explanation for an event, and that at most, only one model of the natural world will pertain to all the details that have been observed or recorded.
In modern times, the progress of science has led to unprecedented progress in its study and research. One hundred years ago, it took a scientist something like 100 years just to publish his/her own research; today, it takes less than a decade to produce print articles with important results in science journals. The major areas of science that are currently undergoing significant development and expansion include plant biology, human genetics, planetary science, climate change, oceanography, archaeology, aerospace technology, astronomy, and genetics. In nature, the field of zoology continues to improve with the studies of plant and animal species. In the technological and industrial fields, computer technology, telecommunications, and engineering continue to expand.